For Anzac day I have found relatives, some close, some distant, who served in the Boer War and World War 1. They came from Australia, New Zealand, South Africa, America and England. Where possible I have included a photo of them. If you have a photo of anyone here I’d love a copy. Does anyone have their medals? Again I’d love a photo of them. If anyone knows of other family members who served in the Boer War or WW1 please let me know. A few of these men will feature in more detail in future blogs. I intend to create one later for all those who served in WW11 so any service files, photos or information would be gratefully received.
There are fifty-five here that served in WW1, fifteen did not return. That’s almost a third, quite a high number particularly as I have included seven from England, only three of whom seem to have seen duty overseas, one of those dying in the Middle East. There are a number of sets of brothers, numerous cousins and uncles and nephews. There were four on the same ship, the Ascanius, did they know each other, did they meet? They were all in different units.
I have references for all details here if anyone is interested and have more information on everyone mentioned here. Many of the details have been found from my own historical research, their war records from the National Archives of Australia, records from the Australian War Memorial and from the Commonwealth War Graves Commission.
If anyone else is related I’d love to hear from you!
LOUIS BOYD BORLAND
He was the fifth (Mounted rifles) Victorian contingent who departed on February 15, 1901 and returned April 25, 1902.
JOHN GEORGE DUNLOP
Andy was the son of Andrew Alexander Johnstone and Ann Hood. He was my great great uncle. He was a lance corporal with the 3rd Victorian Bushmen’s Contingent in the Boer War. They departed Melbourne on March 10, 1900 on the Euryalus. A few letters he sent home were published in the local paper so that we know they anchored at Cape Town but were not allowed to go ashore. They arrived at sunrise and he said it was the beautiful scene, worth the journey from Australia, to see Table Mountain from the bay. He said he didn’t have the words to explain how beautiful it was. After a few days they went to Beira, Mozambique where they landed. I will continue Andrew’s story in a future post.
ARTHUR HORTON RIGGALL
Arthur was a Captain in the 1st Tasmanian Mounted Infantry. He is only very indirectly related by marriage.
THOMAS HESKETH ROSS
WORLD WAR ONE
ALLEN JAMES BOYD
Allen was the son of James Boyd and Sarah Elizabeth Smith. He was 19 when he enlisted at Melbourne on July 15, 1915. He was my first cousin two times removed. Allen was with the 12th reinforcements, 7th Battalion. He embarked at Melbourne on the HMAT Ceramic on November 23, 1915. He was killed in action July 19, 1916 at the battle of Fromelles. He is remembered with honour at Aubers Ridge British Cemetery, Aubers, France.
JOHN CLIFTON BOYD
John Clifton Boyd was my great grandfather, he was forty-three when he enlisted in WW1 on May 3, 1916. He was in the 3rd Pioneer Battalion. Does anyone have his medals? I’d love a photo of them. He embarked in Melbourne on July 28, 1916 on the HMAT Themistocles. One of the family stories handed down was that he took over a hospital bed his nephew had just vacated. He was married to Mary Jane McGillivray and had six sons when he left for England. They had another three children when he returned.
WILLIAM THEODORE BOYD
He was my second cousin two times removed. He enlisted on August 31, 1915 aged 19 with the consent of his parents. He was in the 13th reinforcements 4th Light Horse. He was the son of James Alexander Boyd and Mary Jane Thompson. William embarked from Sydney on January 20, 1916 on the Runic. He was working as a labourer at Camp Broadmeadows in 1931 and by 1936 was living in the Riverina. He died in Cobar, outback NSW in 1959. Does anyone know anything else about him?
John Campbell was my third cousin three times removed. He was the son of Donald Campbell and Margaret McLean. He arrived in Australia from the Isle of Skye in time to enlist. He was 30 years old and a grocer. He enlisted in Melbourne on June 21, 1915. He was in the 8th Battalion and left Melbourne on September 15, 1915 on board the SS Makarini. He died at Fromelles on 31 May 1916. He was buried at Y farm military cemetery, Bois-Grenier, France.
JOHN INKERMAN YOUNG COCHRAN
He served in both WW1 and 11. He is a connection by marriage through the Scouller family in New Zealand but is not a direct relative. He was a gunner in the 9th Reinforcements New Zealand Field Artillery. He embarked on January 8, 1916 on board the Maunganui.
WALTER DEANE COCHRAN
Walter was the son of William Cochran and Helen (Ellen) Scouller. He was my 2nd and my 3rd cousin three times removed. He was a private in the 26th Reinforcements E Company. He left New Zealand on June 12, 1917 on board the Maunganui.
RICHARD DEAN COCHRAN
Richard was the brother of John Inkerman Young Cochran above. He was also a gunner in the 9th Reinforcements New Zealand Field Artillery. He also left New Zealand on January 8, 1916 on board the Maunganui.
WILLIAM ALEXANDER COCHRANE
William was 18 and an electrical worker when he enlisted on July 22, 1915. He was the son of Alexander and Elizabeth Cochrane and related on the Gray side of the family. He was in the 7th Battalion, 13th reinforcements. He embarked on December 29, 1915 from Melbourne on the HMAT Demosthenes. He was promoted to Lance Corporal on May 22, 1917.
Francis was the son of Francis Collier and Mary Ann Bennett. He was my first cousin three times removed. He enlisted on November 26, 1916 and served in the 37th Battalion. He was 31 when he enlisted and married Amy Cracker in 1916. He left Melbourne on December 16, 1916 on board the HMAT Medic. Frances died in Bundoora in 1964.
HAROLD JAMES COLLIER
Harold was the son of James Collier and Mary Ann Adelaide Britnell. He was my first cousin three times removed. He enlisted on August 2, 1915 and served in the 11th reinforcements 2nd field company engineers. Harold was 20 years old when he enlisted. He left Melbourne on November 9, 1915 on board the HMAT Beltana. He was wounded in action in France at the end of August 1918. He married Jessie Longmore in 1922 and died in Caulfield in 1943.
James was the son of Francis Collier and Mary Ann Bennett. He was married to Amelia Taylor. He was my first cousin three times removed. He served in the 16th reinforcements 28 Battalion and was 41 years old and a dairyman when he enlisted. He left Fremantle on October 13, 1916 on board the HMAT Suffolk. James died in Western Australia in 1968 at the age of 93.
NORMAN LEONARD COLLIER
Norman was the son of Francis Collier and Elizabeth Ann Sellick. He was my first cousin two times removed. He joined up in Sydney when he was 18 saying he was 21. He left Sydney on board the RMS Osterley. He was a gunner in the 2nd Divisional Ammunition Column. He married Lilian Reid in 1920 and died in Petersham, NSW in 1975, aged 78. Does anyone know anything else about his life?
HERBERT ANGELO DARTNALL
Herbert was the son of Herbert Henry Dartnall and Annie Frost, he was my 2nd cousin three times removed on the Roberts (Baldwin) side of the family. He enlisted on January 30, 1917 in England at the age of 31. He was married, had two children and was a builder’s foreman. He was assigned to the inland water system of the Royal Engineers in the capacity of a carpenter.
JAMES AMBROSE DARTNALL
James was a younger brother of Herbert. He was a Lieutenant in the Royal Engineers joining up in June 1917 and serving until October 1918. He was gassed and invalided out.
JOHN ALEXANDER DOUGLAS
John was the only son of Elizabeth Dunlop McKnight and Robert William Douglas. He was my first cousin two times removed. He was 17 but said he was 18 when he enlisted on 1 February 1916. He was with the 2nd reinforcements 58th Battalion. He sailed for Europe on the 4th of April on board the HMAT Euripides and was transferred to the 60th Battalion in Alexandria, Egypt. He was killed in the field in France on 19 July 1916. He was buried in the military cemetery at Rue de Bois, France.
George was the son of William Dunlop and Kate Jane McDermott, he was my first cousin three times removed. He enlisted on 16 November 1914 aged thirty. He was assigned to the 23rd Battalion, 11th reinforcements. He left Melbourne on April 23, 1916 on board the RMS Malwa. He was killed in action in France August 25, 1916. He is remembered with honour at the Villers-Bretonneux Memorial in France.
JOHN GEORGE DUNLOP
John George Dunlop was the son of Francis Dunlop and Mary Graham. He was the subject of an earlier post:
KATHLEEN ANNE DUNLOP
Kathleen, born Catherine or Cassini was the sister of the above John George Dunlop. Both of them were my first cousins three times removed. She lived in South Africa from April 1903. She served as a nurse with the Royal South African Nursing Corp during WW1. She traveled with the South African troops to England then served in England. She married Thomas Hesketh Ross (see below) in 1916 in London. Kathleen married secondly Cecil George Howell Green in South Africa in 1920 and they were divorced in 1944. She died in Durban, South Africa on December 4, 1967.
ARTHUR WELLESLEY DUNN
Arthur was the son of Christine Brander Hood and James Dunn. He was my first cousin three times removed. He was 23 when he enlisted on September 12, 1914 at Melbourne. He was assigned to the 14th Battalion. However he was discharged in December 1914 due to family matters.
ANDREW ROSS FAULKNER
Andrew was the husband of Marie Louisa Dagon, my second three times removed and also my third cousin three times removed. She was the daughter of Margaret Hamilton Scouller and Jules Dagon. He enlisted at Bright, Victoria on April 2, 1917, he was 44 years old. Andrew embarked at Sydney on August 8, 1917 on the HMAT Anchises. He was a sapper in the 2nd motor division engineer reinforcements. He was assigned to the B company tunnellers. He was promoted to Corporal while serving in France. In December 1917 he was transferred to the 4th Australian Broad Gauge Railway Operating Company.
Stephenson enlisted at Prahran, Victoria on 26 January 1916. He was 24 years old. He was assigned to the 3rd Division Signals company. Before proceeding overseas he was quickly promoted to Sapper, Corporal then Sergeant. He embarked on the HMAT Ascanius on May 25, 1916. One year later he was again promoted to 2nd Lieutenant and awarded the DCM. He married Olive Lilian Servante, my first cousin two times removed, at All Souls Church, Regent Street, London on June 21, 1919.
MARION BARBARA GARLAND
Marion was the daughter of George Garland and Sarah Scouller. She was both my 2nd and 3rd cousin three times removed. She was 36 when she enlisted. Marion was a staff nurse in the New Zealand Army Nursing Service Corps. She enlisted in 1917 and served firstly in Apia, Samoa then she embarked on April 10, 1918 on board the Corinthic for England. She was discharged on October 31, 1919.
ANTHONY OLIVER GARLAND
Anthony was the brother of Marion, above. He was 28 and a builder when he enlisted. He was a private in the 40th Reinforcements B Company. He left New Zealand on July 10, 1918 on board the Tahiti.
BENJAMIN HAROLD GIBSON
‘Lal’, as he was known, enlisted on January 15, 1916 at Melbourne, Victoria. He was the husband of my first cousin two times removed, Myrtle Evelyn Collier. He was assigned to the 12th Reinforcements 23rd Battalion. He sailed on the HMAT Euripides on April 4, 1916. In March 1917 he was wounded in the trenches from fragments of a trench mortar bomb. He lost one eye and was blinded in the other. They operated on him at a casualty clearing station the night he was wounded and about ten days later he was invalided to England. He was sent for training at St Dunstans School for the Blind before returning to Australia.
JOSEPH LOBB GIBSON
Joseph joined up in Melbourne on April 3, 1916. He was assigned to the 3rd reinforcements 3rd signal division. He was the husband of my great great aunt and was 27 years old. He had two children Reginald Joseph aged four and Clara Leonora aged one. He embarked on the Shropshire on September 25, 1916 and disembarked at Plymouth, England. He was transferred to the 1st Division Signal Corps and was gassed multiple times. After a brief time in England he was sent back to France. He died of influenza on February 26, 1919 in France. He was buried at Charleroi Communal Cemetery in Belgium.
ALFRED JOHN GRAY
Alfred was 19 and a watchmaker when he enlisted on February 16, 1916. He was the son of Edward Gray and is related by marriage on the Boyd side of the family. He was in the 1st Battalion, 18th Reinforcements. He embarked at Melbourne on May 4, 1916 on the HMAT Port Lincoln. He was captured at Reincourt on April 11, 1917 and was a POW at Dulmen camp, Germany.
HAROLD CHARLES GRAY
Harold enlisted on August 1, 1918. He was to be my aunt’s father-in-law and the husband of Elizabeth Cochrane. He was eighteen years old and a salesman. He was also the son of Edward Gray. He was in the 16th Reinforcements. He embarked at Sydney on November 7, 1918 on board the SS Carpentaria.
George was the son of William Glanfield Hoidge and Jane (Joanna) Jackson. He was my 2nd cousin three times removed. He enlisted in England at the age of 47 on July 14, 1915 in the Royal Engineers. His occupation was an engine driver. He was accepted back into the military as although he was two years over the age limit he was ‘very upright and looked ten years younger’ and was very keen to rejoin his old unit that the had served with for 21 years. He was accepted as an instructor for home service. On enlistment he was a sapper and was promoted to acting sergeant. He died in London at a railway station whilst on duty on March 3, 1916.
JAMES JACKSON HOIDGE
James was the brother of the above George. He served in the Royal Navy and was at sea on the HMS Nigella when his brother George died in 1916.
JOHN ALEXANDER HOOD
John was the son of Arthur Wellesley Hood and Janet Semple Cousin, he was my first cousin three times removed. He enlisted on February 8, 1916 at Melbourne. He was a private with the 57th Battalion 3rd reinforcements. He embarked on the HMAT Ajana on July 8, 1916. He was killed in action May 12, 1917 in France. He is remembered at Villers-Bretonneux military cemetery in France.
THOMAS ARTHUR HOOD
Thomas was the brother of the above John Alexander Hood. The brothers enlisted together and were both assigned to the 57th Battalion. He also sailed on the HMAT Ajana on July 8, 1916 He was promoted to Lance Corporal. He was discharged in May 1918 due to dilation of the heart. He was serving in France at the time. He died on September 20, 1932 at Brim, Victoria.
ROY ERNEST INTERMAN
Roy enlisted in Melbourne on May 11, 1916, he was nineteen years old. Both of his parents were deceased and his next of kin was his Uncle Ernest Intermann husband of my great great aunt, Laura Eleanor Johnstone. He embarked on the HMAT Euripides on September 11, 1916. He was a stretcher bearer (according to a contemporary newspaper report) in the 7th Infantry Battalion and was killed in action in France on March 11, 1918. He was buried at Spoil Bank, France.
CHARLES ALBERT JOHNSTONE
Charles was the son of John Arthur Johnstone and Lucy Hall. He was my first cousin two times removed. He enlisted on September 12, 1914 initially in the first reinforcements the fourth Light Horse. He embarked on the HMAT Barunga on December 22, 1914. On April 27, 1916 he was transferred to the 4th Division Cyclists Company . He was then transferred to the 1st Anzac Cyclists Battalion.
ALEXANDER CHARLES MCKNIGHT
Alex was the son of Alexander McKnight and Matilda Elizabeth Servante. He was 21 when he enlisted on January 17, 1918. He was my great uncle. He was assigned to the 22nd Battalion. He embarked from Sydney on board HMAT Euripides on May 1, 1918.
LAWRENCE WILLIAM McWATT
Lawrence was the son of Robert McWatt (son of Lawrence McWatt – brother to Mary McWatt, wife of Robert Scouller) and Lucy Ponsford. He was 20 when he enlisted with the New Zealand Expeditionary Force in 1917. He was a machine gunner with the 3rd Auckland Mounted Rifles. He served in Egypt and Palestine. He was a Corporal when he was discharged on October 9, 1919.
George enlisted on December 4, 1916 aged nineteen and a farm labourer. He is related through the Grays on the Boyd side. He was in the 2nd Cyclists Corp, 8th reinforcements. He left Melbourne on May 27, 1916 on the RMS Orontes. He was transferred to the 7th Battalion. George was gassed in August 1918.
CECIL HENRY PERRATON
Cecil was the only son of Richard John Perraton and Rosina Davis, he was my third cousin two times removed on the Kent/Turner (Baldwin) side of the family. He was 21 and a sawyer when he enlisted at Plymouth, Devon, England on November 9, 1915. He was a private with the Royal Engineers. He married Ellen Joyce Ballsdon on March 17, 1917. He died at New Inn Infirmary at Exeter of pneumonia from effects of influenza whilst on leave from France on July 12, 1918.
ALFRED JOHN PEVREAL
Alfred was the son of George Pevreal and Isabella Cochran. He enlisted on December 19, 1914 in New Zealand. Again he is a family connection through the Scouller family. He embarked on February 14, 1915 as a private with the 3rd Reinforcements Auckland Infantry Battalion. He was wounded at Gallipoli and died at sea on board the HMHS Sicilia.
GEORGE LESLIE RAYMENT
George enlisted on November 16, 1914 in the 3rd Light Horse, postal corps, he was 20 years old and a clerk. He was also in the citizen forces. The three Rayment brothers were my second cousins two times removed. He embarked on the HMAT Star of Victoria on February 25, 1915. He was with the 3rd Light Horse Headquarters Brigade and promoted to corporal, he was the brigade clerk, appointed July 1915. He saw four months active service in Gallipoli before being evacuated with enteric fever. He then embarked for London on HS Aquitania. He was promoted to Temporary Staff Sergeant at C group Headquarters. He was mentioned in dispatches as having being brought to the attention of the Secretary of State for War for valuable services in connection with the war. He was discharged due to family reasons. It seems his father died leaving his mother distraught and unable to cope with the family affairs. He had a younger brother at home, one serving in France and one missing in the Persian Gulf. He applied to work with the armed forces in Melbourne.
JAMES ARTHUR RAYMENT
James enlisted in Melbourne on July 14, 1915 into the 5th Field Company Engineers. He was a carpenter by trade and aged 26. He embarked on the HMAT Ceramic on November 24, 1915 . He was a sapper, then promoted to corporal, then acting sergeant in the field, then sergeant, then sergeant-major. He was decorated, firstly for devotion to duty at all times and under all circumstances sometimes under shell fire, dated June 14, 1916, then again on September 13, 1916 ‘for gallant work at Pozieres on the night of the 3/4th August. ‘Sergt. Rayments section had to construct H.G. emplacements in the captured German trenches. In one position which was swept with M. G. fire, he ordered the sappers to work in the trench and he took the risky work on top of the parapet and carried it out. His work in laying out new work on the same night is to be highly commended’. He was in Port Said, Marseilles, France and Belgium. He was awarded the military medal in France. At the end of the war he asked for free passage for his fiance from England to Australia.
WILLIAM CHARLES RAYMENT
William enlisted on 29 June 1915 at Melbourne. He was 23 years old and he was a heating engineer. He was in the Australian Flying Corp, 1st reinforcements. William embarked at Melbourne on the P & O Persia on August 10, 1915. He was an air mechanic at Kut al Amara. He was reported POW in Kut al Amara then it was reported that he had died in Tarsus, Turkey in hospital of chronic nephritis. His date of death was given as November 11, 1916. In 1927 his remains (along with others) was moved from Tarsus war cemetery, Asia Minor to Baghdad (north gate) war cemetery, Iraq. They were moved to secure the future maintenance and upkeep of the British war graves.
THOMAS HESKETH ROSS
Thomas was the husband of my first cousin three times removed, Kathleen Anne Dunlop (see above). He was the son of Edmond Ross and Emily Dalton. He initially fought in the Boer War with the Transvaal Volunteers, then was involved in the Zulu rebellion of 1906. With the outbreak of WW1 he served in the Boer rebellion, then in British South West Africa (Namibia) of 1914, then in Egypt with the Egyptian Expeditionary Forces in 1915 and 1916 then in France with the British Expeditionary Forces in 1916 . He was awarded the military cross for distinguished service in the field in 1916 and was killed in action near Arras on April 3, 1917. He was a captain in the 4th South African Infantry. His is an interesting story that will appear in a future blog.
JOHN ALEXANDER ROWE
John was the son of James Rowe and Jessie Grace McGillivray. He was 20 years old when he enlisted. He was my first cousin two times removed. He enlisted at Ballarat on May 8, 1916 and was assigned to the 39th Battalion, B Company. He embarked on the HMAT Ascanius on May 27, 1916. He was transferred to the 8th Battalion then to the 46th. He was killed in action in France on April 11, 1917. He is remembered at the Villers-Bretonneux Memorial in France.
ALBERT GERALD SAYER
Albert was the husband of Eileen Myrtle Intermann, my first cousin two times removed. He enlisted on January 13, 1916. He sailed from Melbourne on the HMAT Ascanius on May 27, 1916. He was a gunner in the 14th Field Artillery Brigade, 3rd reinforcements.
CHARLES KENNETH SCARF
Charles was the son of Charles Scarf and Hilda Lucy Robins, he was my 2nd cousin two times removed. He was a private in the Royal Flying Corp in the 1st/6th Battalion of the East Surrey Regiment. He was killed, aged 20, on August 26, 1916. He is buried at Baghdad (North Gate) war cemetery in Iraq.
WILLIAM ERNEST SCOTSON
William was a military instructor aged 44 when he enlisted in the General Service Reinforcements on February 21, 1918. He was the son of Samuel Scotson and Martha Wilson Dunlop, he was my first cousin three times removed. He sailed to London on the HMS Field Marshall on JUne 19, 1918. He was promoted in the field to Lieutenant and served with the 35th Battalion.
FREDERICK GEORGE SIMS
Frederick enlisted on March 25, 1916 presumably in South Australia (it doesn’t state where on his military record). He was 30 years old and the son of Frederick George Sims and Jane Elizabeth Evenden, husband of Alice Miller and father of Edna Camille. He was my 2nd cousin three times removed. He was in the 43rd Infantry Battalion. He travelled to Marseilles on board the Afric departing on June 9, 1916. Initially a Lieutenant he was made a temporary Captain while commanding a company, then this was formalized to Captain. He was killed in action by shell fire on October 4, 1917 in Belgium. He is remembered with honour at Ypres (Menin Gate) Memorial in Belgium.
Henry was the brother of Frederick George Sims above. He enlisted at Morphettville, South Australia on September 25, 1914. He was 26 years old and a labourer. He was assigned to the 1st Australian Stationary Hospital with the Mediterranean Expeditionary Forces and proceeded to Gallipoli. He embarked at Melbourne on December 5, 1914 on the HMAT Kyarra. He had a number of ailments which culminated in enteric fever and pneumonia and was invalided back to Australia in February 1916. He proceeded again overseas in December 1916. He returned to Australia in April 1919.
GEORGE DOUGLAS SMITH
George was 23 years old and a furniture salesman when he enlisted in Melbourne, Victoria on March 1, 1916. He was the son of Catherine Emma Boyd and Matthew Thomas Smith. He was my first cousin two times removed. He was assigned to the 39th Battalion, B company AIF as a private. His unit embarked from Melbourne on board HMAT Ascanius on 27 May 1916. He was wounded in action in January 1917, returned to duty then six months later wounded again with effects from gas. Four months later he was again back on duty but burnt his hand in an accident. He was promoted to Corporal.
WILLIAM HENRY THOMAS STOKES
He was 42 years old and the father of two children when he enlisted in Adelaide, South Australia. He was the husband of Elizabeth Ann Sims my 2nd cousin three times removed, sister of the above Frederick George Sims. He was a private in the 8th reinforcements of the 32nd Battalion. He embarked on the HMAT Ballarat. He returned to Australia in September 1917 due to heart disease.
GEORGE ALEXANDER TATE (TAIT)
George said he was 21 and born in Bairnsdale, Victoria when he enlisted in Western Australia (WA) in January 1917. He was actually barely 17 years old and born in WA. His parents were James Tait and Ann McGillivray. Ann was born in Bairnsdale. He was my first cousin two times removed. He was a private in the 44th Battalion. He embarked at Fremantle on the Borda on June 29, 1917. He was found out to be underage on December 12, 1918 so had served much of the war before he was returned to Australia.
HENRY HERBERT GARDINER TURNER
Henry was the son of Herbert Henry Turner and Lizzie Gomm. He was my 2nd cousin three times removed. He was 25, an accountant/book keeper, married with two daughters when he enlisted. He was an Army Service Corp clerk.
HERBERT ALFRED GARDINER TURNER
Herbert was the brother of Henry above. He was 26, a motor driver and was married. He was assigned to the Army Service Corp to be trained as a motor service driver. He was an acting Sergeant.
GLADSTONE JOSIAH TWYFORD
Gladstone enlisted as ‘John Smith’ on October 4, 1915. He was 21 years old, a labourer and from South Australia. He is related on the Gray side of the Boyd family. He was in A Company of the 32nd Battalion. He left from Adelaide on November 18. 1915 on board the HMAT Geelong. He resumed his ‘real’ name in 1916.
WILLIAM MARSHALL VANCE
Step-brother to the above John George Dunlop and Kathleen Anne Dunlop. He was the son of their mother Elizabeth Mary Graham and Matthew Vance of Raphoe, Ireland. He enlisted on February 25, 1917, he was 26 years old. He was living at Inverness, Montana, America.